Publication date: 30/03/2023

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Summary: The importance of cultural spaces such as school libraries in Early Childhood
Education is questioned, at the same time that we question how children's interaction
with literature (fables, short stories, poetry, etc.) can contribute to their social and
educational development of the child at this stage of formal education. This study has
the general objective of analyzing the contribution of the school library in the context
of early childhood education and for learning throughout the student's life. As for the
specific objectives, it proposes: Survey scientific literature on the research themes
represented by the analysis categories: “Information Science and Education” and
“Information, library and early childhood education”; Knowing the historicity of the
school library in Brazil and the importance of librarians working in them, together with
their potential for the formation of citizens in childhood; Identify the Public Teaching
Institutions of Early Childhood Education in which there are libraries located in the
Metropolitan Region of Greater Vitória (RMGV); and To analyze, in the light of the
legislation, the pedagogical processes of teaching and learning of school institutions
that can contribute to early childhood education. This qualitative research is classified
as exploratory in terms of objectives, and in terms of procedures it is constituted as
“bibliographic and documental”. For this, theoretical works by Information Science and
Education researchers such as Aida Varela and Paulo Freire were consulted, as well
as searches were carried out in the following databases: Google Scholar, References
of Journal Articles in Information Science (BRAPCI) and the Brazilian Digital Library of
Theses and Dissertations (BDTD – IBICT), as well as we consulted books and obtained
directive educational documents such as: PNE, BNCC, DCNEI, LDB and IFLA.
Although the BNCC's early childhood education document and the DCNEIs do not
provide for the existence or use of spaces such as BE in early childhood education
institutions, in everyday practice it is extremely possible to develop plans for
pedagogical activities involving the use of resources relevant to this space and, mainly,
that they contemplate the requirements related to the fields of experiences destined to
early childhood education. We were also able to observe the relevance of normative
legislation such as the BNCC and the DCNEIs for the teaching and learning process
of children enrolled in early childhood education, as well as for the curricular content
to be covered in this teaching stage. Access to literary materials, as well as their access
to suitable environments to access them, together with the mediation of a professional
librarian, is, and always will be, of great value for better training throughout life, as well
as in practice. citizenship of children who attend school libraries in kindergarten, but
this possibility seems somewhat distant to us.

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